Persecution only quickened it into greater activity, and had the effect of bringing the clergy, the nobles, and the common people closer together. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. On account of his piety and learning Mesrop was appointed secretar… Returning to Armenia, Mashtotsʿ founded schools and continued the task of translating the scriptures that he had begun in Edessa. Mashtotsʿ spent the final two decades of his life in Armenia devoting himself to writing homilies and letters, none of which has survived. Three men are prominently associated with this work: Mesrop, Patriarch Isaac, and King Vramshapuh, who succeeded his brother Khosrov IV in 389. Leaving the court for the service of God, he took holy orders, and withdrew to a monastery with a few chosen companions. Slechts zes maanden later overleed hij echter ook zelf, na een kortstondig ziekbed, in Valarsabad (het huidige Etsjmiadzin). Mashtotsʿ died on February 17, 440 and was buried in the village of Oshakan. The principal events of this period are the invention of the Armenian alphabet, the revision of the liturgy, the creation of an ecclesiastical and national literature, and the readjustment of hierarchical relations. Mesrop Mashtots : biography 360 – 440 Saint Mesrop Mashtots (361 or 362 – February 17, 440) was an Armenian theologian, linguist and hymnologist. Der hl. Hij diende enige tijd in het koninklijk leger en werkte vervolgens als secretaris van de koning, wiens besluiten en decreten hij in Griekse, Syrische en Perzische letters op schrift zette. ." On account of his piety and learning Mesrop was appointed secretary to King Khosrov IV. Rating: (not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first. He was educated in Greek letters as a youth. Armenia, so long the battle-ground of Romans and Persians, lost its independence in 387, and was divided between the Byzantine Empire and Persia, about four-fifths being given to the latter. 171–207. Encyclopedia of Religion. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Peeters, Paulus. Na de dood van catholicos Isaak nam Mesrop diens werkzaamheden over, en droeg zorg voor het bestuur van het patriarchaat. We provide you with news from the entertainment industry. He lived on vegetables, wore a hair shirt, slept upon the ground, and often spent whole nights in prayer and the study of the Holy Scriptures. A martyrium was built over his grave and he was venerated as a saint. Hij werd daarbij geconfronteerd met problemen als gevolg van het ontbreken van een eigen schrift voor de Armeense taal. Varkʿ Mashtotsʿi. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. He preached in Goghtʿn and then in Siwnikʿ, where he founded schools and established an episcopal see. His concern for the Armenians on the Byzantine side of the border led him in the 420s to Constantinople, where he met the emperor Theodosius and the patriarch Atticus. Mesrop Mashtots was born in a noble family (according to Anania Shirakatsi – "from azat house") the town of Hatsekats in TaronKoryun, , translation into Russian and intro by Sh.V.Smbghaatyan and K.A.Melik-Oghajanyan, Moscow, 1962. and died in Vagharshapat. Marquart, Josef. Het Griekse, Syrische en Perzische schrift, dat gebruikt werd om de religieuze geschriften in het Armeens op te stellen, waren niet bijzonder geschikt om de specifieke klanken van het gesproken Armeens weer te geven. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Life,…, Pascal, Blaise Some scholars identify Mashtotsʿ with the chorepiscopus Mastoubios of Armenia. https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mashtots-mesrop, "Mashtotsʿ, Mesrop MASHTOTSʿ, MESROP (c. 345–440), inventor of the Armenian alphabet and saint of the Armenian church. It is hard to determine exactly what part Mesrop had in the fixing of the new alphabet. His duty was to write in Greek and Persian characters the decrees and edicts of the sovereign. Koriwn. Finding Daniel's alphabet unsuited to the phonetic structure of Armenian, Mashtotsʿ and his pupils set out for Edessa to do research, and there in 404 Mashtotsʿ himself invented an alphabet consisting of thirty-six letters. Subsequently, he went to Georgia, where he invented a script for Georgian and preached the teachings of the Christian church. Vienna, 1917. Brussels, 1951. Hij verliet het hof, werd tot priester gewijd en trok zich enkele jaren terug in een klooster om zich voor te bereiden op een leven als missionaris. Encyclopedia of Religion. Having received from them the necessary permission for carrying out cultural work, he returned to Byzantine Armenia, where he established schools and introduced the new script. This life he continued for a few years. . English writer Thomas De Quincey (1785–1859) wrote prolifically and in numerous fields, ranging from fiction to biography to econo…, Boucher De Crèvecoeur De Perthes, Jacques BIOGRAPHY . Het markeerde het begin van de Armeense literatuur maar bleek ook een belangrijk element in de versterking van het Armeens nationaal besef. Mashtotsʿ was born to a peasant named Vardan in the village of Hatsʿekatsʿ, in the district of Tarōn (present-day Muş, Turkey). Mesrop’s alphabet consisted of thirty-six letters; two more (long O and F) were added in the twelfth century. The name Mesrop, the etymology of which is still unknown, does not appear in the works of Armenian writers until after the fifth century. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 24 mei 2019 om 14:23. Maštʿocʿ. Hence the constant need of translators and interpreters to explain the Word of God to the people. A biography of Mesrop Mashtots, creator of the Armenian alphabet, written by Mashtots's youngest pupil, Koriun. Ook begon hij, samen met leerlingen en andere collega's, direct aan de vertaling van de liturgie en de Bijbel. In Recherches d'histoire et de philologie orientales, vol. With their help and that of Isaac and the king, he was able to give a definite form to the alphabet, which he probably adapted from the Greek. MASHTOTS ʿ, MESROP (c. 345 – 440), inventor of the Armenian alphabet and saint of the Armenian church. © Copyright © 2012-2020 Stories People All rights reserved. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. He is best known for having invented the Armenian alphabet, which was a fundamental step in strengthening the Armenian Church, the government of the Armenian Kingdom, and ultimately the bond […] Christian saints -- Armenia -- Biography. An important contribution of Mashtotsʿ was to unify the Armenians of these districts through linguistic bonds. He evidently headed a kellion (a small group of anchorites) in the 390s. The major source for his biography is the Life of Mashtotsʿ written by his pupil and associate, Koriwn. Yerevan, 1941. Boucher de Crèvecoeur was descended on his father’s side from an old family…, AMIENS Hij ligt begraven in Oshakan, 8 kilometer ten zuidwesten van Ashtarak. "Pour l'histoire des origines de l'alphabet arménien." Hij toonde al in die tijd een duidelijke interesse in de religieuze geschriften. Most of what is known about Mashtots and his life was recorded by medieval Armenian historian Korium in his “Life of Mashtots.” He was born in the village of Hatsekats, Armenia (modern-day Mus, Turkey) and became a public servant. (b. Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dôme, Frnace, 19 Jume 1623; d. Paris, France 19 August 1662) mathematics, mechanical compu…, BIOGRAPHY While proselytizing the people of the district of Goghtʿn (Nakhichevan, Azerbaijan), he conceived the idea of inventing an alphabet for the Armenian language and making the scriptures available to the common people. Western Armenia was governed by Byzantine generals, while an Armenian king ruled, but only as feudatory, over Persian Armenia. Translated into English by Bedros Norehad as Koriun: The Life of Mashtots (New York, 1964). City on both banks of the Somme River in north France; capital of Somme department, which comprises the present diocese, and of Picardy, which…. ." prehistory, human paleontology, Mesrop Mashtots (360/370 - c. 440 CE) invented the Armenian alphabet in 405 CE. Encyclopedia of Religion. Koryun, his pupil and biographer, tells us that Mashtots (in his work he does not mention the name Mesrop) received a good education, and was versed in the Greek and Persianlanguages. "Mashtotsʿ, Mesrop Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Besides greatly increasing levels of literacy in the country, the language permitted ordinary people to read the Bible for the first time, thus helping to further spread and entrench Christianity in Armenia, which was the original intention behind the script's invention. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mashtots-mesrop. He is best known for having invented the Armenian alphabet, which was a fundamental step in strengthening the Armenian Church, the government of the Armenian Kingdom, and ultimately the bond between the Armenian Kingdom and Armenians living in the Byzantine Empire and the Persian Empire. Zowel de liturgie als het Heilige Schrift, die beide in Syrische karakters waren opgesteld, waren voor veel gelovigen onbegrijpelijk. Het is onduidelijk in hoeverre Mesrop het alfabet zelf heeft ontworpen. He was the son of a man named Vardan. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Afbeelding van Mesrop Mashtots in een manuscript uit 1776 De Heilige Mesrop Masjtots ( Armeens : Մեսրոպ Մաշտոց Mesróp Maštóc’ ) (Hatsik [1] , in het historische kanton Taron , 361 of 362 - Etsjmiadzin 17 februari 440 ) was een Armeens monnik , theoloog en linguïst .

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