As the writer, it's your choice which you use, so long as you're consistent. It's not! Steers are not regarded as fully grown until the age of 4, when they become known as oxen. [Kudos to Mark for that first link]. Definition of fox written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. :). Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. I don't know of any studies, but I wonder how much influence the early influx of Hugenot's had on these developments in Afrikaans away fromthe Germanic "standard". The correct plural is proofs. Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment. Old English oxa was a weak noun. Maybe you can write something on when a dialect becomes a language? Infoplease is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. You probably knew that one if you're a fan of the Oregon Trail computer games. First of all, data is already a plural word; its singular companion is datum—or was. However, when they are gathered together in a group, there are several collective nouns that can apply. Since the Modern Swedish form goes all the way back to the ON without interruption, I think we’re on pretty firm ground to say that uxar, oxar have been fixed and standard for a long time. In English, most words ending in x will form their plural by adding -es to the word. It's alumnae. The proto-Germanic word for oxen was ukhson so the ending didn't move too much. Having just taken a look, I can tell you that the forms oxe, pl. The forms that we have of its descendant today are derived from the nominative case endings; these are the forms that would indicate that a noun is the subject of a sentence, or the forms that would be used when writing a list of nouns. The noun ox is an exception to And the merchant was angry, for he also could speak no French, but would have had eggs, and she understood him not. It's just one of those things you have to remember. For female graduates, the generally accepted form is alumna.

The plural of fox is foxes.

How to know if it's a good or bad retopology? Here are some others that fit this category: Logic rarely factors into English. However, prooves is not the plural of proof. Does calling something a 'Novelty Act' bring down its image? @Ardamir: Sure thing. Sometimes you have two systems in a language. Are the following sentences grammatically correct? Well do I remember ther herds of grazing VAXen from my college days. I hope it drives your love/hate relationship more toward the former! Happy holidays from the Foxes (plural form of the name Fox) It’s Easy to Make Last Names Plural When They Do Not End in Sibilants. A story about that confusion over "which plural form" is told by the first English printer, William Caxton. Relevance. If you're still confused, I found this article immensely helpful when researching the topic myself. Note: I know how to pluralize them. Lewis, the Inklings, J.K. Rowling, and fantasy literature in general; language, linguistics, and philology; comparative mythology and folklore — and, Tolkien and the Study of His Sources: Critical Essays. Unless you're in a technical field, that singular has been largely abandoned. Check it out! It's oxen! As to Scylding's Afrikaans and Dutch examples*, I think the -n in the Dutch plural ending is definitely on its way to becoming mute, Afrikaans has simply been a bit earlier. Download Grammarly's app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words. The source I used to confirm the declension of fox has an entry for the Old English box; however, it has no declension information.

What are the rules regarding the presence of political supporter groups at polling stations? There is the Galician-Portugese example, the Afrikaans-Flemish-Dutch example, even the Xhosa-Zulu-Seswati-Ndebele-Shangaan clan (Nguni language group) - all quite close. Take plurals, for instance. Yes, that's the same Bernadette Bosky. Although the English plural system is easy, English has developed a new difficulty, nouns that have no plural form because they are uncountable or nouns with identical sg and pl form and a lot of other numerus particularities. According to our Ancient Greek friends, the proper plural is stimuli. Also, as Afrikaans has been defining itself as a language (over the last eighty years or so) it has defined its own spelling, incorporating recent changes, whereas Dutch spelling has been a bit more conservative. I’ll mull it over and see whether I can’t come up with some interesting or original ideas to share, but I will say that it’s not really my area of expertise. The "o" in "fox" is secondary. I have known people to guess that it’s because the words were drawn from two different linguistic wells, but that’s not it; both are straight from the swift-flowing waters of Old English, surviving into Modern English almost without change. Favorite Answer. What I want to know is what makes them different from each other, why they are pluralized as they are.

What I should've said was, "I'm an alumnus." Find more words! and if the plural of "mouse" is "mice", why in the name of common sense is the plural of "house" "houses"??? One might also consider our other two remaining vestiges: I found some interesting statements in etymologies of "child"; I'll ask the question if you haven't already. Find more words! By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Joking: the plural of box is boxen. Also, back in the days of Old English, different regions within England spoke differently ways. rev 2020.10.23.37878, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. There are a few tricky holdovers from these languages that have remained in English. What is a person who likes things done a certain way called? I seem to recall she gave a paper on Charles Williams. The plural of fox is foxes.. 'es is not used to make the word fox into a singular possessive noun, rather you should add 's to fox to do so. The plural of fox is foxes. These are called invariants. No one really knows why it dropped out of use, or why it managed to survive in oxen and in two others that have more complicated stories: children and brethren. Steers are not regarded as fully grown until the age of 4, when they become known as oxen. In Old English, as in Indo-European languages in general (historically and even today), the number of a noun (singular or plural) and its function in a sentence—whether it was the subject, direct object, indirect object, or had some other relation to a verb or another noun—was largely (not solely) governed by sets of endings tacked onto it, or changes made to the vowels in it. For instance: Easy enough. Is it datas? why not deers or fishes or micen? I have a love/hate relationship with the English language. If the plural for ox is oxen, than why is the plural for fox not foxen? Since oxa was a weak noun, its plural form (the nominative plural form) was oxan.

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