One of jazz music's all-time greats, bandleader-pianist Count Basie was a primary shaper of the big-band sound that characterized mid-20th century popular music.

The next year, at the pinnacle of the Swing Era, the Benny Goodman band, along with musicians from the Count Basie and Duke Ellington bands, made history as the first jazz band ever to play in New York’s prestigious Carnegie Hall. Reuniting with Gene Krupa, Teddy Wilson, and Lionel Hampton, Goodman returned to the charts with Together Again!

Goodman was the son of Russian immigrants David Goodman, a tailor, and Dora Rezinsky Goodman. By 1939, Goodman had lost such major instrumentalists as Gene Krupa and Harry James, who left to found their own bands, and he faced significant competition from newly emerged bandleaders such as Artie Shaw and Glenn Miller. He also later recorded the soundtrack for the film about his life, The Benny Goodman Story (1955), which starred comedian Steve Allen as Goodman. He became the host of the radio series The Camel Caravan, which ran until the end of 1939, and in October 1936, the orchestra made its film debut in The Big Broadcast of 1937. Goodman left school at 14 to join the American Federation of … We strive for accuracy and fairness. In 1978, the Benny Goodman band also appeared at Carnegie Hall again to mark the 30th Anniversary of when they appeared in the venue’s first jazz concert. On Sundays, his father took the children to free band concerts in Douglas Park, which was the first time Goodman experienced live professional performances. Several factors contributed to its waning success, including the loss of musicians to the draft and the limits that gas rationing put on touring bands. His first recordings under his own name were made in January 1928. After a four-and-a-half-month stay at the Music Hall, he was signed for the Saturday night Let's Dance program on NBC radio, playing the last hour of the three-hour show. The peak of Goodman's renown in the 1930s came on January 16, 1938, when he performed a concert at Carnegie Hall, but he went on to score 14 Top Ten hits during the year, among them the number ones "Don't Be That Way" (an instrumental) and "I Let a Song Go out of My Heart" (vocal by Martha Tilton), as well as the thrilling instrumental "Sing, Sing, Sing (With a Swing)," which later was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.

", "As far as I'm concerned, what he did in those days—and they were hard days, in 1937—made it possible for Negroes to have their chance in baseball and other fields.". He was a member of the radio division of the National Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame. [29] Hammond had seen Christian perform in Oklahoma City in 1939 and recommended him to Goodman, but Goodman was uninterested in electric guitar and was put off by Christian's taste in gaudy clothing. During this period, Benny also became famous for being colorblind when it came to racial segregation and prejudice.

In November 1935 Goodman accepted an invitation to play in Chicago at the Joseph Urban Room at the Congress Hotel. In the Southern states, racial segregation was enforced by Jim Crow laws. Billie Holiday was one of the most influential jazz singers of all time. [3]:311 Goodman appeared on a 1975 PBS tribute to Hammond but remained at a distance. [6] He received honorary doctorates from Union College, the University of Illinois, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville,[52] Bard College, Brandeis University, Columbia University, Harvard University, and Yale University. He continued to play on records and in small groups. It was the first of only three Top Ten hits he scored in 1940, his progress slowed by illness; in July he disbanded temporarily and underwent surgery for a slipped disk, not reorganizing until October. During the six months he spent on the show, he scored another six Top Ten hits on Columbia, then switched to RCA Victor, for which he recorded five more Top Ten hits by the end of the year. He was the ninth child of immigrants David Goodman and Dora Grisinsky Goodman, who left Russia to escape anti-Semitism.

His next major album was the 1971 concert album Benny Goodman Today, which culled from a live performance in Stockholm. During an era of racial segregation, he led one of the first integrated jazz groups. In the early 1970s he collaborated with George Benson after the two met taping a PBS tribute to John Hammond, recreating some of Goodman's duets with Charlie Christian. In December, the band appeared in another film, Hollywood Hotel.

Jazz clarinetist who rose to become the pre-eminent swing bandleader of the 1930s, with an empire that launched many an act. He also played in the band at Jane Addams’ famous social settlement, Hull-House. After winning polls as best jazz clarinetist, Goodman was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame in 1957. [1], In the mid-1930s, Goodman led one of the most popular musical groups in the United States.

Their work together resulted in the 1934 top 10 hit "Riffin' the Scotch." Read Full Biography. The music they played had its roots in the southern jazz forms of ragtime and Dixieland, while its structure adhered more to arranged music than its more improvisational jazz counterparts. [5][6][7] During the next year Goodman joined the boys club band at Hull House, where he received lessons from director James Sylvester. His concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City on January 16, 1938 is described by critic Bruce Eder as "the single most important jazz or popular music concert in history: jazz's 'coming out' party to the world of 'respectable' music."[2]. Among his three Top Ten hits in 1942 were the number ones "Somebody Else Is Taking My Place" (vocal by Peggy Lee) and the instrumental "Jersey Bounce." In 1939 he hired guitarist Charlie Christian. Benny’s success as an icon of the Swing Era prompted Time magazine in 1937 to call him the “King of Swing.” The next year, at the pinnacle of the Swing Era, the Benny Goodman band, along with musicians from the Count Basie and Duke Ellington bands, made history as the first jazz band ever to play in New York’s prestigious Carnegie Hall. Instead, Benny tried his hand at classical music, doing solos with major orchestras, and studying with internationally acclaimed classical clarinetist Reginald Kell.

"[36], Goodman commissioned compositions for clarinet and chamber ensembles or orchestra that have become standard pieces of classical repertoire. [49], Goodman was honored with the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.[50]. [23] Goodman and his band, which included Bunny Berrigan, drummer Gene Krupa, and singer Helen Ward were met by a large crowd of young dancers who cheered the music they had heard on Let's Dance. American entry into World War II and the onset of the recording ban called by the American Federation of Musicians in August 1942 made things difficult for all performers. In 1928, Goodman and Miller wrote "Room 1411", which was released as a Brunswick 78. Goodman was born on May 30, 1909, in Chicago, Illinois. In the 1950s and 1960s, Goodman spent a lot of time abroad. Benny Goodman … During the 1942–44 strike, the War Department approached the union and requested the production of V-Discs, a set of records containing new recordings for soldiers to listen to, thereby boosting the rise of new artists[32] Also, by the late 1940s, swing was no longer the dominant style of jazz musicians.

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